The Ibero-American Multilateral Agreement On Social Security
Although some difficulties have arisen, notably with regard to the interpretation of certain provisions, the CARICOM agreement is an important instrument in a highly labour-intensive region and demonstrates the feasibility of multilateral agreements between non-industrial countries with low populations. The CARICOM Convention meets the five objectives of the social security agreement and covers all salaried and non-salaried workers who are or have been subject to the social security legislation of one of the signatory states and territories, their relatives and survivors, regardless of their nationality. Its material scope covers old age and old age pensions, disability benefits, survivor`s pensions and disability and death pensions resulting from work-related accidents. Eu regulations on the coordination of social security systems are the most comprehensive and comprehensive multilateral agreement that applies to all 27 EU Member States, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland, covering all nine branches of social security. The agreement also meets the five objectives of the social security conventions and applies to all nationals of participating states, refugees and stateless persons previously registered in the EU, as well as all family members and their survivors. The regulations establish, among other things, different infrastructures to support the management, implementation and regulation of the agreement. These include the administrative commission for the coordination of social security systems, assisted by a technical data processing committee and an audit committee and a tripartite advisory committee for the coordination of social security systems. The single law provides solutions to social security agreements in a region where traditional multilateral agreements may not be feasible. Unfortunately, it has not overcome the difficulties of caring for third-country nationals, so the majority of migrant workers in the region are migrants. The main shortcoming of the EU social security agreement remained the difficulty of exporting benefits to third countries.
For example, a third country national should not have had his benefits exported by moving to a third country, probably his country of origin. However, from 13 December 2011, EU citizens working in the EU Social Security Agreement Member States will be entitled to the same coverage as EU citizens. The directive ensures that workers from third countries can collect their pensions if they return to their country of origin under the same conditions and at the same rates as nationals of the Member State concerned. However, Member States could apply restrictions to workers for less than six months. For non-EU nationals who are allowed to attend school, family benefits could also be reduced. Member States will also be able to limit access to public services such as public housing to foreign workers in employment. The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is a regional organization made up of 14 countries in the Caribbean region. The Caricom Convention on Social Security was adopted in 1996 and has been ratified by 13 countries since then. In 2009, a protocol amending two provisions of the agreements was concluded and four countries ratified it.