Paris Agreement Indonesia
Indonesia has pledged to reduce its emissions by 29-41% by 2030 compared to «business as usual» – but the next end of that commitment depends on «support for international cooperation.» (Update 04/23/2019: Joko Widodo declared victory in presidential elections after unofficial results from private polls indicated that he had won about 55% of the vote. Official results will not be announced until May 22.) Indonesia is the world`s second largest producer of geothermal energy after the United States. The country has installed 1,925 MW of geothermal energy. However, unused geothermal resources are estimated at a total of 29,000 MW, or 40% of the world`s total geothermal reserves. However, the department said it still needed to develop an environmental roadmap document and legal framework, but also to help other agencies prepare in accordance with the commitments set out in the new NDC. She said her office was also preparing the country`s long-term strategy for resilience to low-carbon climate change (LTS-LCCR) to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. The country has held parliamentary elections since 1955, but did not start the presidential election until 2004. Its current president, President Joko «Jokowi» Widodo, was elected in 2014 and will be re-elected in April. Widodo is a member of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P). He leads a majority government with the support of nine political parties. He also said Indonesia was at the mercy of EU pressure, although the government declared a moratorium on the authorisation of new land. Between 2016 and 2017, the loss of forests in Indonesia fell by 60%, partly because of the moratorium, analysts say.
Nevertheless, Indonesia could «feasiblely exceed its current targets and use even more renewable energy,» the report says. If the policy were adapted, Indonesia could meet its renewable energy target by 2030, he concludes. Lesser Male Bird of Paradise at Balz Display, Papua, Indonesia. Picture: Gabbro / Alamy Stock Photo. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), about 80% of Indonesian coal is exported. From 2000 to 2014, Indonesia`s coal exports quadrupled, as an analysis of the carbon letter shows. Floods in Jakarta, Indonesia, February 10, 2015. Photo: Dani Daniar/Alamy Stock Photo.
A Buddhist monk sits in front of the volcanic crater Kawah Ijen, while sulphur gases are released, Eastern Jia, Indonesia. Picture: Malgorzata Drewniak / Alamy Stock Photo. Indonesia currently has 33 GW of coal-fired power plant and plans an additional 31 GW. It is the fourth largest coal pipeline in the world (after China, India and Turkey) and 6% of the world`s share (Shearer, 2020). EU delegates for Indonesia and Brunei said the bloc complied with WTO rules and remained open to discussions with the Indonesian government on the issue. At a palm oil forum, Luhut Pandjaitan, minister coordinating human and natural resources monitoring, said the EU should not «underestimate» Indonesia and promised that the government would firmly defend its national interests. Indonesia`s climate pledges (NDC) aim to reduce emissions by 29-41% by 2030 compared to business as usual. The upper end of this area, which depends on the «support of international cooperation,» would lead to keeping emissions at or below their most recent level in 2030. His re-election campaign is about promises to boost economic growth, including by developing infrastructure, and strengthening counter-terrorism and corruption measures – any mention of climate change has so far been «tragically absent,» according to the Jakarta Post, an Indonesian English-language newspaper.